Province "Basse Navarre", one of three provinces of the Basque Country, offers a rich architecture due to a tumultuous history, pristine landscapes, peaceful valleys, pastures and forests.
Lower Navarre is the stronghold of shepherds and farmers but also an idyllic place for hikers!
We can distinguish several distinct and interesting valleys:
The Upper Valley of the Nive in the West, the country and its capital of Cize: Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port. This country is made of deep valleys. This is the land of shepherds and sheep, the border and smuggling, the architectural influences both labourdines and Navarrese.
Visit Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port, at the foot of the mountains and passes, or "ports" linking France and Spain (including the famous Col Ibaneta for the rout of the rearguard of Charlemagne led by his nephew Roland in 778), Saint Jean Pied de Port takes its name from its location must be it for multiple invaders Celts, Romans and Arabs.
St Martin Arrossa ancient district of Ossès on the left bank of the Nive. Discover beautiful traditional Basque farms, three walled enclosures on the hills dating from the Iron Age...
Irouleguy and its vineyards, located between Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port and St Etienne de Baigorry, Irouleguy is a small Basque town made famous by its vineyards, this is the only vineyard in the French Basque Country.
Saint Etienne de Baigorry, formerly headquarters of account Baigorri ("Red River" in Basque for the silt carried down during floods) discover its Navarrese houses with the specificity are rounded doors, walls without timbering, and deep balconies to dry local produce, peppers and other hams.
Osses The village has several districts, visit the beautiful traditional Basque houses mix of influences both labourdines and Navarrese, the Church of Saint Julien the 16th, which replaced a Romanesque chapel of the 12th, the house Sastriarena at the village exit towards Irissary.
Upper Valley Bidouze to the east of the country and its capital Mixe: Saint Palais. It is the country of farmland, cattle and corn fields, architectural accents Béarn nearby.
Visit Saint Palais La Bastide de Saint Palais, the capital of the Country of Mixe at the confluence of the Bidouze and Joyeuse, was once the regional administrative capital at the time of partition of Navarre, it's even hit the currency. Y then living the Treasurer General and Chancellor of Navarre, it is also here that were held in 1522 the first general state of Lower Navarre.
Happy Valley, center, and its capital Saint Martin Arberoue. This is an agricultural area with varied landscapes.